Brain Diseases – Psychological and Physical Effects

brain diseasesThere are different types of brain diseases.

Some have causes that are not fully known while others are acquired due to infection, trauma and exposure to harmful agents. The best approach is to identify the problem correctly by ruling out all other possible illnesses and then creating the right intervention plan that will guarantee effective results that will help the patient cope with the different demands of his condition. Most brain diseases cannot be completely treated; although there are several other ways to reduce the effects.

Brain Diseases: About Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s Disease or senile dementia is an incurable brain disorder which was first identified in 1906 by Dr. Alois Alzheimer. Once patients are diagnosed with the problem, it usually progresses and have poor prognosis. Alzheimer’s Disease is the most common type of dementia. It is one of the brain diseases that can cause symptoms like irritability, confusion, mood swings, difficulty communicating, memory loss, paranoia and aggression.

The physical capabilities of the person will also be affected over time. Individuals who suffer from the condition will not display emotions and do not communicate well particularly during the final phases. The cause of the problem is not known.

Brain Diseases: Stroke or CVA

Stroke, cardiovascular accident or CVA is one of the more frequently occurring brain diseases. The condition is caused by a blockage in the blood vessel. When pressure builds up inside the blood vessel, there is a huge tendency for it to burst. The immediate loss of blood that happens will cut the supply of blood, nutrients and oxygen to the brain, thereby causing some tissues to necrotize.

After the entire sequence, individuals will usually collapse, faint or fall. It is not common for some individuals to die after just one episode of stroke. This is one of the serious kinds of brain diseases that people should watch out for. There are several risk factors included as well such as high blood pressure and obesity. The effects from a stroke are generally permanent although these might become milder over the years.

Brain Diseases: Brain Trauma

Brain trauma or brain injury is one of the kinds of brain diseases that results from destruction of brain cells or improper functioning of the brain due to the damage afflicted to the regions. The damage caused can lead to temporary or permanent effects.

There are internal and external causes for the trauma as well. Some conditions can lead to brain injury such as poisoning, AIDS and malaria. The symptoms can be described from mild to severe. Different occurrences can also lead to brain trauma such as electrocution, lack of oxygen and the presence of infection. Some brain diseases are completely curable. Some will depend if the underlying condition is also treatable. Others, however, will lead to long term disability and problems.

Brain Diseases: Tumor

Having a brain tumor is among the uncommon brain diseases although the problem affects thousands of individuals every year. The tumor results from the abnormal growth of cells so doctors will determine the reasons for the unusual spread. There are also diagnostic tests that can determine if the tumor is benign or malignant.

Benign tumors are described as non-cancerous and are generally safe. Malignant tumors are described as cancerous and can quickly spread and lead to other potentially dangerous conditions. The problem can develop to brain cancer which will block the arteries and other synapses in the brain leading to adverse symptoms such as confusion, vomiting, irritability and aggression.
Brain Diseases: Seizure

One of the common brain diseases involve seizure which is the abnormal sending of electrical impulses throughout the brain. The condition can be described as either generalized or local. There are six different types of generalized seizures namely grand mal, absence, myoclonic, clonic and tonic.

The individual who experiences the seizure may display different symptoms such as muscle spasms, convulsions, agitation, irritability and loss of consciousness. Other temporary effects may also be displayed. The symptoms among individuals will vary based on the region of the brain that is affected. Seizures happen frequently for some individuals while others only have it once every several months.

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Brain Diseases: Bipolar Mood Disorder

There are also brain diseases that are discussed thoroughly in terms of their psychological effects. An example is bipolar mood disorder or manic depression which is characterized by sudden changes in mood. The patient might transfer from the depression pole to the manic state in a matter of weeks or months.

Many patients affected by the condition will start to display symptoms during late adolescence. Some will also be diagnosed only during their adult years, which might mean more frequent shifts between moods and more intense display of symptoms. The affected individual will display a wide range of symptoms depending on the current mood he’s in such as irritability, inability to focus and even suicidal ideations.

Brain Diseases: Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder that has no true cure. The condition will render the patient incapable of doing a variety of tasks and showing emotions properly because his idea of reality and fantasy is already distorted.

A person’s thoughts can become disorganized and he can have problems differentiating between reality and fantasy. People with the condition will also most likely be described as insane because they no longer can perform normal activities, maintain good and healthy relationships as well as properly interact with society. Patients will present a variety of symptoms such as changes in the way they communicate, disorganized behavior, disorganized speech, rigid behavior, hallucinations, delusions and other abnormal sensations. They will also display different thoughts and emotions.

People with the condition can be provided with medications to alleviate the symptoms although there is no real cure for the condition. There are several medications available to relieve the patient of the many symptoms of schizophrenia depending on the type. The positive symptoms can be treated by these pharmaceutical agents namely haloperidol, ziprasidone, olanzapine, risperidone and quetiapine. These are known as antipsychotic medications that will improve the way brain chemicals are produced and work in the body.

Brain Diseases: Autism

Autism or autism spectrum disorder is a developmental psychological problem that appears among children beginning the age of three years old. People with autism will display different symptoms such as hyperactivity, lack of social skills and ritualistic patterns or behavior. It is one of the more common brain diseases that affect millions.

Autism will also differ in terms of severity. The symptoms presented can differ among individuals depending on the extent. Individuals with this condition are generally prescribed medications together with helpful therapies that will encourage independence.