List of Brain Diseases – Identifying the Conditions

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list of brain diseasesThe brain is considered to be one of the most important organs in the body so having a list of brain diseases will be useful to realize just how useful the different functions are.

The brain regulates and controls thoughts, personality and other physical activities. It is also made up of several nerves that will communicate and send signals throughout the body thereby causing the individual to perform and do a variety of activities.

If the electrical signals are blocked or blood circulation to the brain is impaired, the person will display different symptoms and adverse reactions. Having a list of brain diseases will make people more aware of the conditions and practice the proper measures for prevention.

List of Brain Diseases: A Developing Brain Tumor

Every year, over 30,000 people in the United States alone develop a brain tumor. The presentation, type and size may differ so physicians initially need to find out if these are non-cancerous or cancerous. Benign tumors will not quickly grow and develop or might be limited up to a certain controllable size only.

The malignant or cancerous type should be given special attention because it tends to grow quickly and can metastasize, thereby causing blockage of oxygen and blood to the brain and increasing intracranial pressure. Patients with benign or malignant brain tumors are usually recommended to undergo surgery and treatment. The list of brain diseases will also provide other options and how patients should address the problem once the symptoms manifest.

List of Brain Diseases: About Stroke

Stroke is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. In the list of brain diseases, it is one of the top conditions that have a very high mortality rate.

Over 150,000 people in the United States alone die of stroke or cardiovascular accident every year. The condition is generally triggered when blood vessels leading to brain are impeded by a blood clot or other factors thereby stopping the distribution of oxygen, blood and other nutrients to the area. It is the equivalent of a heart attack just like how the condition results from the blockage of blood vessels leading to the heart.

There are two main kinds of stroke: ischemic and hemorrhagic. Ischemic strokes happen when the blood vessel leading to the brain is blocked. Hemorrhagic stroke can also occur when bleeding in the brain results from a burst blood vessel. Both types should be taken very seriously. Ischemic strokes, however, usually are more treatable compared to the other.

List of Brain Diseases: About Epilepsy

Epilepsy is included in the list of brain diseases wherein electrical signals are passed or sent abnormally throughout the brain. The nerve cells may not be functioning properly which is why communication is disrupted or the wrong message is sent which leads to a variety of symptoms like tics, involuntary body movements, body convulsions, seizures, loss of consciousness, muscle cramping, muscle aches and sleep disturbances.

People with epilepsy usually have seizures in varying degrees and frequencies. There are several medications that can help alleviate the symptoms of epilepsy. Some individuals find that these are useful for controlling or preventing the seizures. Many people with epilepsy can actually continue living a normal and healthy life just by following the recommendations of the doctor and taking the prescribed medications at the right time and amount.

List of Brain Diseases: Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is another condition in the list of brain diseases. It is characterized by motor disorders that start early in life and are generally produced from brain injuries that do not get worse over time. The brain injuries that trigger cerebral palsy are referred to as non-progressive, which mean that these do not complicate after some time.

Children with the condition also present problems in language, vision, learning, cognition and hearing. The brain injuries can differ and can occur before or after the child is born. Some individuals actually acquire the brain injury during the delivery process.

The specific brain injury that triggers cerebral palsy does not get worse but the movements and other symptoms can become worse after several months or years. The main cause of cerebral palsy is unknown, although many experts point out some possible triggers like poor circulation or blood distribution to the area, developmental abnormalities, low oxygen levels, trauma, infection and other underlying diseases. Years ago, doctors thought that some delivery procedures were very traumatic, thereby causing the adverse condition in babies.

List of Brain Diseases: More on Cerebral Palsy

In the list of brain diseases, cerebral palsy will be categorized into four kinds. These are namely spastic cerebral palsy, ataxic cerebral palsy, dyskinetic or athetoid cerebral palsy or mixed cerebral palsy.

The spastic type is characterized by stiff or difficult movement. The ataxic type is characterized by difficulty in balance and coordination, the dyskinetic or athetoid type is characterized by uncontrollable and involuntary actions and the mixed type is described as a mix of all these. Cerebral palsy generally happens at a rate of about 1 to 2 in every 1,000 deliveries. The condition is more common among premature babies.

List of Brain Diseases: Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is a debilitating disorder that primarily affects the central nervous system. The brain, spinal cord and nerves will deteriorate because of the disappearance or loss of the myelin. The myelin sheath functions as a protective covering for the nerves and will ensure that communication is maintained properly throughout the body. Messages are sent through electrical impulses throughout the system. If the myelin is deteriorating or absent, a variety of side effects can result. The nerves also easily get damaged so the person’s ability to function and perform tasks will also be impaired.

Multiple sclerosis is one of the brain diseases that affect hundreds of thousands of individuals around the globe. Most patients are diagnosed with the condition from 20 to 50 years old. There are also cases with children or older adults involved. Caucasians seem to have be especially predisposed to the condition as well as women.

There are different symptoms of multiple sclerosis to watch out for. Doctors will diagnose the patients thoroughly to rule out the presence of other possible brain diseases or autoimmune disorders. Some of the things to expect include muscle spasm, muscle pain, fatigue, weakness of the extremities, problems in balance and coordination, visual problems, lack of focus and concentration, poor memory, impaired decision making skills, inability to perform tasks and activities well, paranoia, depression, mania and laughing or weeping.

List of Brain Diseases: About Encephalitis

One of the more uncommon types in the list of brain diseases is encephalitis or inflammation of the brain. The condition is triggered by a viral infection. The condition may not occur as frequently among individuals but once it does, it is considered life-threatening and can lead to long term or permanent brain damage or even death. There are so many triggers or causes that can lead to the condition such as viruses and childhood illnesses. Some of the known triggers include measles, mumps, herpes simplex virus and mosquito-borne diseases.

Treating the List of Brain Diseases

The treatment regimen for the problems included in the list of brain diseases will differ accordingly. There are conditions that are known to be quite controllable provided that the person takes the necessary medications and adheres to the recommended therapies. There are also some conditions that are incurable so the best approach would be to make ways to help the patient cope with the debilitating effects of the illness.