Meningitis – Treating the Symptoms and Disease

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meningitisThere are several types of brain diseases to know about such as meningitis. Some of these have devastating effects that will render the person incapable of relating well to others around him, while others will only present mild symptoms thereby allowing the patient to cope after some intervention and medications.

Meningitis comes in a number of types as well and will show different symptoms. It will be beneficial to understand the nature and effects of the disorder at an earlier time so that both the patient and his family can go through the necessary steps to maintain independence and improve the condition.

Meningitis Overview

The disorder is one of the brain diseases characterized by swelling or inflammation of the meninges or the tissue that protects and covers the brain as well as the spinal cord. There are various kinds of meningitis. Viral meningitis is one of the most common and is generally acquired when a virus invades the body through openings and then moves to the brain. Bacterial mengitis can also occur, generally triggered by bacterial invasion.

The initial symptoms of the condition will resemble a flu or cold. However, the condition can get worse over time if left undiagnosed or untreated and then develop to a stroke thereby causing damage to the brain. The condition can also be dangerous and cause damage to vital organs. Persons can be diagnosed with meningitis at any age. It’s best to consult a doctor quickly when experiencing the earliest signs and symptoms. Prognosis will be good if the patient is diagnosed and early treatment is rendered.

Common Symptoms of Meningitis

Although all people can acquire these brain diseases, many patients are between the age of 13 and 21. Some of the notable symptoms include stiff neck, fever, pain when touching the chin to the chest, vomiting, seizure, headache and drowsiness. The symptoms will also vary in terms of severity and extent.

The symptoms of children can be drastically different compared to the ones experienced by adults. Babies might also show mood swings, cry a lot and develop skin problems like a rash. Children usually show the cold-like symptoms and may experience difficulty breathing. Adults might only present a headache or fever in very mild forms so meningitis might be more difficult to diagnose.

Diagnosing the Brain Diseases

Upon presentation of the earliest signs and symptoms, individuals are recommended to visit a doctor right away. Always go through the thorough and complete medical checkup. Ask questions and forward all your concerns to the doctor. The doctor will also do a variety of checks and tests to ensure that other possible brain disorders are ruled out.

Some of the common diagnostic procedures include an MRI, blood test and CT scan. Meningitis is treated based on the cause and symptoms. People should be monitored well when taking the drugs especially when diagnosed with the bacterial type. The symptoms can get worse with certain medications. The patient’s medical and family history will also matter a lot in the development of the disease. Consider all the possible effects and drawbacks then provide support through the help of family and friends.

Treating Meningitis

These brain diseases can be treated after taking sufficient information about the patient. Some of the things to note include the particular organism that triggers the infection, the presenting symptoms and other possible complications. A lot of people diagnosed with the problem will also show different effects and can get better in two weeks, considering that the viral type is self-limiting so the symptoms will disappear as soon as the virus dies off.

Patients should be treated with a combination of symptomatic approaches as well as medications. To treat the bacterial type, antibiotics are indispensable. Corticosteroids are also effective in minimizing the buildup of pressure that causes pain and abnormal symptoms. The patient might require diuretics to reduce the volume of fluid that causes intracranial pressure.

Patients might be given phenobarbitals to treat seizures. Oxygen therapy and occupational therapy can also help. Monitor the patient well and check the vital signs and blood chemicals every few hours. Also watch out for possible side effects from the drugs. Surround the patient with family and friends during the recovery period. Prevention can also be done by boosting the immune system to prevent the spread of bacteria or virus and stop related brain diseases.